3DP-RDM Scoping Workshop – Discussion Activity 1 Outputs

The 3DP-RDM Scoping Workshop of 30th January 2015 featured two distinct discussion activities. The entire process is described in the presentation slides from the day. This post summarises the process and outputs of the first discussion activity, which concerned the identification of priority research topics.

A process for identifying priority research topics

On arrival at the workshop, participants were assigned to tables to create multi-disciplinary groups of 5-6. For the first discussion activity the seven groups created were given the task of answering the question: “What are the research issues at the intersection of 3D printing and re-distributed manufacturing?” They were given pens, Post-it notes and the template shown in the figure below to structure the discussion.

Activity 1The template used in the first discussion activity, with Post-it notes to illustrate its use

Towards the end of their discussions, the groups were instructed to identify the top five topics that they thought needed to be investigated. The groups then described these topics to the other groups as the Post-it notes detailing these  were placed onto a larger ‘landscape’ map that everyone could see. Where possible, similar topics were clustered together on the map. Then with each group having identified their top five topics, these Post-its were placed onto the map until all 35 were posted.

The final stage in the identification of priority research topics was to allow participants to vote for those topics they considered most necessary to be investigated through feasibility studies during this first year of the network. Each participant was given five dot stickers that they could place on five different topics on the landscape map.

Outputs of the prioritisation process

The following table summarises the list of 35 research topics that groups identified and the number of votes that each received during the prioritisation. Some of the topics were clustered prior to voting and the six clusters are also numbered.

Group

Comment Votes Cluster

2

Standards + compatibility + regulation + certification // avoidance + convergence?

12

1

6

How will value be created and captured in the 3DP-RDM economy?

12

4

7

To research gap between hardware (very advanced) and design methods and tools: there is no CAD conceptually suitable for AD

11

3

5

Reconfiguring supply chain: consumers becoming prosumers, ownership?

11

5

3

Software requirements and infrastructure in redistributed environment. How is it accessed?

11

5

Liability & IPR: traceability, certification

8

2

3

Material supply chain – how structured and delivered?

8

6

1

“Facebook problem” Who owns/shares design in re-distributed 3DP hubs?

8

6

Changing business models in response to changes in value chain

6

4

1

High volume customisation (e.g. Magnum ice creams made locally)

6

4

New products with enhanced capabilities

6

4

Trade off between localised and centralised? When? Why? Where?

6

7

Do we need a new IP regime to enable 3DP and distributed manufacturing?

6

4

3DP within the supply chain: before and after 3DP

5

6

2

Customer engagement and situational understanding of new technology for system adoption

5

2

Integration with complementary and enabling tech

5

4

Distributed contract manufacturing – business model

4

5

How do you define and construct a user-friendly interface design?

4

2

Government as broker, roadmaps (skills), convening, encourager

3

3

3

Waste, obsolescence management: what are environmental gains (if any)?

3

6

What are the headline challenges of 3DP RDM in terms of circular economy? Recyclability, material tracking, selection of materials, mixed material recycling

3

7

Who can additive and subtractive technology be complementary? Which complementary technologies are needed to enable redistribution

3

7

What hinders/barriers to enable 3D printing to redistributed manufacturing?

3

3

What are requirements of regulators? What related standards required?

2

1

2

Advanced/lost cost metrology/test technologies enable integration of above

2

3

3

How will patent/public be engaged in design of management risk?

2

6

What will the implications of RDM be in terms of: jobs, tax & subsidies, companies, sustainability? (Government focuses)

1

3

1

Re-engineering value chain -> where is the value? E.g. Where is stock kept? At home? At local hub? At retail?

1

4

5

Rethinking business and pricing models

1

4

7

When is RDM worthwhile and where is 3DP worthwhile for RDM?

1

4

1

Positives and negatives of design freedom (e.g. Skills)

1

5

How do we define groups of products most suitable for AM? Consumer parts – dispersed; high industry part – localised

1

1

Conformance + standardisation + liability (pharma)

1

4

Product verification: quality, IP

2

6

Home users with average expertise issues: incomplete products to complete at home; physical -> computer -> physical; software that helps estimate printability

5

Participants and groups
Participant Organisation Group
Adrian Addison Cranfield University 2
Valery Adzhiev Media School, Bournemouth University 7
Rachel Andrews Cambridge University Hospitals 1
Paolo Aversa Cass Business School, City University London 3
Meurig Beynon Department of Computer Science, University of Warwick 5
Dominik Deradjat Centre for Technology Management, University of Cambridge 2
Phill Dickens Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing Research Group, University of Nottingham 3
Ben Earley Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge 6
Jonathan Edelman RCA 2
Adam Ellis Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield 7
Oleg Fryazinov Media School, Bournemouth University 6
Margaret Haig Intellectual Property Office 2
Jane Ho Centre for Science, Technology & Innovation Policy, University of Cambridge 3
Matthias Holweg Saïd Business School, University of Oxford 4
Ian Hutchings Inkjet Research Centre, University of Cambridge 5
Peter Jarritt NIHR Health Technology Cooperative, CUHNHSFT 3
Sophie Jones Econolyst 4
Pieter Knook Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge 4
Adam Kowalski Unilever 1
Benn Lawson Judge Business School, University of Cambridge 5
Roger Maull University of Surrey Business School 6
Dinusha Mendis Centre for Intellectual Property Policy and Management, Bournemouth University 1
Tim Minshall Centre for Technology Management, University of Cambridge 1
Letizia Mortara Centre for Technology Management, University of Cambridge 6
Eoin O’Sullivan Centre for Science, Technology & Innovation Policy, University of Cambridge 2
Eujin Pei Brunel University 5
Alex Price BSI 4
Thierry Rayna Novancia Business School 7
Jonathan Rowley Digits2Widgets 7
Veronique Sauret-Jackson Cavendish Imaging 5
Ludmila Striukova Department of Management Science and Innovation, UCL 5
Alireza Tavakoli ThyssenKrupp 3
James Tooze RCA 6
Andrew Triantaphyllou MTC 1
Chander Velu Institute for Manufacturing, University of Cambridge 7
Mark Wilson GSK 4
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